Ultra-trace determination of mercury by platinum-coated tungsten coil trapping cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry
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CitationDilek Yildiz, Muhammet Atasoy & Yasin Arslan (2022): Ultra-trace determination of mercury by platinum-coated tungsten coil trapping cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry, International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, DOI: 10.1080/03067319.2022.2118591
Within the scope of this study, a simple, highly sensitive and rapid trapping method for the determination of mercury (Hg) was developed. In this method, the surface of the tungsten coil (W-coil) was coated with platinum using the electrolytic deposition technique. Scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray analyses were performed to examine the surface morphology of Pt-coated W-coil. During the experiment, firstly, Hg vapour generated by tetrahydroborate, used as a reducing agent, was efficiently trapped on the Pt-coated W-coil at collection temperature in hydrochloric acid medium. Subsequently, Hg trapped on the surface of the Pt-coated W-coil was revolatilised by the effect of releasing-stage gases at the optimised releasing temperatures and transported to quartz T-tube atomiser. The experimental conditions have been optimised. Under the optimised conditions, a limit of detection (LOD) of 8.8 ng L-1 was obtained using three times the standard deviation of blank values using Pt-coated W-coil trap cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS) system. The precision of the measurements was evaluated by relative standard deviation of 4.4%, which is obtained by 11 consecutive measurements of reagent blanks for a collection volume of 6.83 mL corresponding to 90 s collection. The enhancement factors for both LOD (3 s) and characteristic concentration (C-o) were found to be 5.09 and 5.02 when compared with the regular CVAAS system without trap. The accuracy of the proposed method was evaluated by analysing BCR 146 R (Sewage sludge), RTC (Sandy Loam 7), ERM-BD151 (skimmed milk powder) and NIST 1641e (mercury in water) certified reference materials (CRMs). There was a good agreement between certified and found values for all CRMs. The results of the application of the developed method in seawater showed the spike recovery ranges from 94.2% to 102.4%.