Advanced Exergoeconomic Assessment of CO2 Emissions, Geo-Fluid and Electricity in Dual Loop Geothermal Power Plant
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CitationGüler, O.V.; Gürbüz, E.Y.; Georgiev, A.G.; Keçeba ̧s, A. Advanced Exergoeconomic Assessment of CO2 Emissions, Geo-Fluid and Electricity in Dual Loop Geothermal Power Plant. Energies 2023, 16, 3466. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16083466
Binary geothermal power plants (GPPs) are mostly encountered in geothermal fields with medium and low temperatures. The design and operation of dual binary GPPs can be difficult due to the geothermal fluid properties. This affects their performance and feasibility. Thermoeconomics are essential elements for the design and operation of the GPPs. In this study, advanced exergoeconomic analysis is applied to a true dual binary GPP (as a case study) to further evaluate it from performance and economic perspectives. In analysis, the specific exergy cost (SPECO) method is used. Then, some specific indicators are presented to evaluate the performance and economics of the GPP. Thus, technical and economic solutions have been developed in the design and operation stages through the analysis. The results of the study indicated that the total operating cost of 1218 USD/h could be reduced to 186 USD/h by improving the operating conditions. This corresponds to an 85% decrease. The cost per electricity generated, cost per geothermal energy input, and cost per CO2 emission of the GPP are determined as 0.049 USD/kWh, 5.3 USD/GJ, and 0.13 USD/kg, respectively. As a result, while the savings potential of the GPP is 15%, it can result in a 15% reduction in CO2 emission cost.