Impact of preoperative cardiology consultation prior to intermediate-risk surgical procedures
Dogan, Marwa M.
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BackgroundPatients undergoing noncardiac, nonvascular surgery (NCNVS) are at risk of perioperative cardiovascular events. However, benefits of cardiology consultation (CC) in patients with known or suspected cardiac disease undergoing intermediate-risk NCNVS is unknown. MethodsThe study group included 700 consecutive patients referred for CC before intermediate-risk NCNVS in a tertiary-care teaching hospital. The control group included 1200 age-matched and sex-matched consecutive patients proceeded to the intermediate-risk surgery without preoperative CC during the same period. Patients older than 18years who underwent an elective, NCNVS were enrolled. Requests for consultation were made either by surgeon or an attending anaesthesiologist. All patients underwent a complete preoperative clinical evaluation. ResultsOf the 700 patients who were referred for CC in the study group, 530 patients (75.7%) had no additional recommendations, and 170 patients (24.3%) underwent additional preoperative tests or had a change in preoperative therapy. Only 20 (2.8%) patients' NCNVS were delayed based on the cardiologists' recommendation and 680 patients eventually had their surgeries. Major cardiovascular and noncardiovascular complication rates were similar in the study and in the control groups (12.9% vs 13.6%, P=0.273 and 25.2% vs 26%, P=0.432 respectively). ConclusionsPreoperative CC in patients who underwent intermediate-risk NCNVS does not affect either perioperative management or outcome of surgery.